France: a taylored tax system [fr]
Promoting competitiveness and investment
Competitive effective corporate tax rates
KPMG’s Competitive Alternatives report (2014) compares effective tax rates in 10 different countries:
France is ranked first for R&D services
France is ranked third for digital services
France is ranked fourth for manufacturing (Effective tax rates take into account differences in tax bases, tax credits and depreciation allowances).
Competitiveness and employment tax credit (CICE)
This tax credit boosts corporate competitiveness through tax savings worth 6% of gross payroll costs in 2015, excluding all salaries greater than 2.5 times the national minimum wage (SMIC), amounting to €20 billion in annual savings for companies in 2014 and the years to come.
Unrivaled research tax credit
A tax break amounting to 30% of annual R&D expenses, up to €100 million, and 5% above this threshold. Total tax relief for research tax credit recipients amounted to more than €6 billion in 2013.
Tailored tax system for innovative new companies (JEIs)
The “innovative new companies” status (jeunes entreprises innovantes – JEIs), provides for reduced corporate tax, local taxes and social security contributions over an eight-year period.
Reduced rate on revenues from intellectual property rights
Revenues from intellectual property rights (royalties and capital gains on the sale of patents, etc.) are subject to a reduced corporate tax rate of 15%.
One of the most generous depreciation allowance schemes in the OECD
Reducing balance depreciation rates generate corporate tax savings, while all equipment assigned to R&D enjoys a higher depreciation coefficient.
Attractive tax rules for expatriates
Exemption from income tax on “expatriation bonuses” and allowances for business trips outside France for expatriate employees and executives taking up roles in France. Partial exemption is also available for investment income, the proceeds of intellectual property rights earned outside France, and certain capital gains on the disposal of securities and ownership interests outside France.
“TAX4BUSINESS”, a clear and secure legal framework for foreign investors
This service enabling foreign investors to invest in France in a clear and secure legal framework (firstname.lastname@example.org). It provides answers to investors’ questions about how taxation will be applicable to their cases, enables them to seek advance rulings (rescrits) from the tax authorities, offers multilingual tax-related information directly tailored to their needs, and provides access to further explanations in English.
Beneficial tax arrangements for holding companies
Tax arrangements for companies with equity interests in other companies (i.e. holding companies) remain beneficial, as capital gains on disposals of equity interests are taxexempt and interest on borrowings is tax-deductible. These various schemes, together with tax consolidation rules, provide an especially strong incentive for leveraged buyouts and for holding companies or group parents to establish themselves in France.
Falling corporate tax rate
Lower corporate tax starting in 2017 to a standard rate of 28% by 2020.